Hepatitis B, Symptoms, Causes, Prevention and Treatment

Get the know the No. 1 latent killer virus

I just came across an article posted by the world health organization website WHO about  a deadly disease called Hepatitis B. This disease is not only a silent killer but it’s a very deadly disease –  deadlier than the most dreaded disease called Aids (Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome) .

hepatitis b
Hepatitis B -Killer Virus

 This disease is called hepatitis B is a disease bent on targeting special organs in the body system – especially the liver. This disease Hepatitis B transmits really fast. And it can kill a patient in a matter of months even without the patient suffering from the  hepatitis B not acknowledging the symptoms – because the hepatitis b symptoms are just casual. This hepatitis B comes on 2 forms: Acute Hepatitis or Chronic Hepatitis. You might say they are the same or what are the similarities, Just don’t worry read on.

Acute Hepatitis B:

 If a patient is diagnosed of hepatitis b, it simply means that their is a presence of HBsAg and immunoglobulin M (IgM) antibody to the core antigen, HBcAg. During the initial phase of infection, patients are also seropositive for hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg). HBeAg is usually a marker of high levels of replication of the virus. The presence of HBeAg indicates that the blood and body fluids of the infected individual are highly contagious. More than 686 000 people die every year due to complications of hepatitis B, including cirrhosis and liver cancer.

Shocker! There is no Cure or remedy for Acute hepatitis B.

 Chronic Hepatitis B: 

If a patient is diagnosed of high tenacity of HBsAg for at least 6 months (with or without concurrent HBeAg). Tenancity of HBsAg is the main indicator of risk for developing chronic liver disease and liver cancer (hepatocellular carcinoma) at the latter.Chronic hepatitis B infection can be treated with drugs, including oral antiviral agents. Treatment can retard the growth of cirrhosis, reduce incidence of liver cancer and improve long life.An estimated 240 million people are chronically infected with hepatitis B

What does Hepatitis B cause?

It causes cirrhosis and liver cancer.
  Symptoms of Hepatitis B
Jaundice (Yellowing of the skin or eye)
Dark Urine
Fatigue
Nausea
Abdominal pains and vomiting

Who can be  infected by Hepatitis b?

Children less than 6 years of age who are infected with the hepatitis B virus are the more likely to develop chronic infections.
  Statistics form WHO shows below that:

In infants and children:

80–90% of infants infected during the first year of life develop chronic infections; and
30–50% of children infected before the age of 6 years develop chronic infections.

In adults:

less than 5% of otherwise healthy persons who are infected as adults will develop chronic infection; and
20–30% of adults who are chronically infected will develop cirrhosis and/or liver cancer.

Prevention of Hepatitis.

The only prevention of this disease is to be vaccinated. Children who are been born are advised to be vaccinated against the virus under 24 hours of birth. Especially in 3 dose format.

Adults who did not have the vaccine at birth should go do   it immediately.The vaccine can last for at least 20 years and at the expiration of that that you can just go for the immune booster. The good thing about the vaccine is that it is 95% life long.

People who are more prone to Hepatitis virus;

  • People who frequently require blood or blood products, dialysis patients, recipients of solid organ transplantation
  • Those interned in prisons
  • Those  who inject drugs
  • Sexual contacts of people with chronic HBV infection
  • Those with multiple sexual partners

Health-care workers and others who may be exposed to blood and blood products through their work; and
Diasporas who have not completed their hepatitis B vaccination routine, who should be offered the vaccine before leaving for endemic areas.

 Incubation Period,

 The hepatitis B virus survives outside the body for at least 7 days. At this time, the virus can still disseminate infections if it enters the body of a person who is not vaccinated. The incubation period of the hepatitis B virus is 75 -average scale, apparently varies  from 30 to 180 days. The virus can be detected within 30 to 60 days after transmission and can mature and develop into chronic hepatitis B.

Transmission process of hepatitis B Virus

 The disease can be spread through mucous exposure to infected blood and various body fluids, such as saliva, menstrual, vaginal, and seminal fluids.
Sexual transmission of hepatitis B can occur, when,men who have sex with men get into intercourse with themselves and heterosexuals without vaccination.
Transmission of Hepatitis B may also occur through the use of un-sterilized needles and syringes.
  In summation, infection can occur during surgery and dental procedures,tattooing, or through the use of blades that are contaminated with infected blood.
Fluid contacts(sweat)  etc with the infected person.e.g. skin to skin
Warning! condoms do  not prevent hepatitis infections from an affected partner unlike Aids. The prevention is very simple! – VACCINATION

If you love this article or want to add or modify, Kindly use the comments bar below. Remember to share this piece of information to love ones and friends.  You have been blessed, Bless others.

Glosary
cirrhosis ,liver cancer, Hepatitis B,acute hepatitis,chronic hepatitis B, differences or similarities of acute hepatitis b and chronic hepatitis b,  Symptoms of Hepatitis B,Who can be  infected by Hepatitis b?,Prevention of Hepatitis

Suggestion, Questions, Modifications, Gratitude?

Powered by Infotanus